You might expect a fort to have stern and uncluttered look - but not this
one. The fort commands a magnificent look and is worthy of being visited.
Dating back to 1624, this was once the most important of coastal forts. The
fort is near to the internationally famous Marmagoa Harbour which was built
to protect the harbour situated near the Vasco da Gama town.
It is situated at the extreme northwestern point of Salsete and guard the
entrance to the port. Located just north of Vasco Da Gama city and just
south of Mormugao Port, this is the closest fort to Goa's airport.
Primarily, Mormugao was generalized to be the capital of the Portuguese
empire, hence the fort was erected and in 1703 the viceroy moved into the
An Informative Inscription
An inscription over the fort of the gate reads (in translation from the
Portuguese): The Catholic King Dom Filippe, the third of this name, reigning
in Portugal, Dom Francisco da Gama, fourth Count of Vidigueira, Admiral of
India, a member of His Majesty's Council and a Gentleman of the Royal
Household, being Viceroy for the second time, this Fortress was begun, the
first stone being laid on ...April 1624
A Popular Fort
The Maratha warriors continued to attack the town and the fort and finally
the Portuguese gave up the township in preference for Old Goa. As, a main
constituent of Goan history, and being one of the most important India forts
it is also very popular with those indulging in historical travel activities
Attractions Of Fort
The fortress is about 10 km in circumference and boasts of possessing some
ancient articles like 20 bulwarks, three magazines, five prisons, a chapel
and quarters for the guard. There were two beautiful fountains. The Fonte de
Malabar kept the royal arms and was said to bob up from a gold mine and the
Fonte de Santo Ignacio which had a more modest beginning in a sulphur mine.
Near By Places
Mormugao fort is closer to Varca beach. Varca has a belt of wooden fishing
boats that are peculiar in their appearance. This too has proven to be very
popular with visitors from around the world and is well worth a visit.
How To Reach
Dabolim, Goa's airport lies atop the rocky plateau which is 4-km southeast
of Vasco da Gama.
The nearest railway station to Margoa is situated at Vasco da Gama.
Arriving by bus from Panjim or Margao is very easy as you'll be dropped off
to the nearest situated Kadamba bus Terminus which is 3-km east of the town
centre from Vasco. From Vasco you can hire ferries to reach Margao harbour.